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托福词汇:中国学生容易产生理解偏差的词汇集合
范美优品国际学习中心   2012-05-18 11:06:24 作者:admin 来源: 文字大小:[][][]
托福词汇:中国学生容易产生理解偏差的词汇集合

 

<!--[if !supportLists]-->21. haunt

中文意思:v. 神出鬼没;困扰

英文意思:(of a ghost ) to appear in a place repeatedly to cause repeated suffering or anxiety

中国学生容易忽略困扰这层意思

例句:Thirty years after the fire he is still haunted  by images of death and destruction.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->22. <!--[endif]-->identical

中文意思:adj. 长相一样的;一样的

英文意思:exactly the same, or very similar

中国学生容易和identifiable(可确认的)混淆

<!--[if !supportLists]-->23. incredible

中文意思:adj. 难以置信的 , 异常好的

英文意思:impossible, or very difficult, to believe; extremely good

中国学生容易忽略异常好的这层意思

例句:Yeah, it was an incredible performance.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->24. <!--[endif]-->inhabit

中文意思:V:居住

中国学生容易和inhibit 混淆,误解为限制,阻止“.

例句:he first peoples to inhabit what today is the southeastern United States sustained themselves as hunters and gathers.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->25. laborious

中文意思:adj. 勤劳的;艰苦的

中国学生容易忽略艰苦的这层意思

例句:Cotton could be grown throughout the South, but separating the fiber---or lint--from the seed was a laborious process

<!--[if !supportLists]-->26.  <!--[endif]-->legitimate

中文意思:合法的,合理的

英文意思:for which there is a fair and acceptable reason 

中国学生容易忽略合理的(proper这层涵义。

例句:It seemed a perfectly legitimate question.

 

<!--[if !supportLists]-->27.  <!--[endif]-->measure  

中文意思:测量;方法,措施。

    英文意思:an official action that is done in order to achieve a particular aim

中国学生只记住测量,容易忽略方法这层涵义。

例句:Those measures which appeared to bring the desired results were then retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed rituals.      

 

<!--[if !supportLists]-->28.  <!--[endif]-->minute      

中文意思:分钟;细小的

英文意思:extremely smallvery detailed, careful and thorough      

中国学生记住分钟,容易忽略细小的

例句: The framework of a lichen is usually a network of minute hairlike fungus(真菌) that anchors the plant.     

  

<!--[if !supportLists]-->29.  <!--[endif]-->mine

中文意思:我的;地雷;矿,采矿,矿藏。

中国学生容易忽略矿,采矿,矿藏

例句:Between the 1870’s and the First World War (1914-1918), approximately 23 million immigrants streamed to the United States, settled in cities, and went to work in factories and mines.   

 

<!--[if !supportLists]-->30.  <!--[endif]-->morale      

中文意思:士气

英文意思:the amount of confidence and enthusiasm, etc. that a person or a group has at a particular time 

注意区分moral, 道德。

例句:Morale amongst the players is very high at the moment.    

 

<!--[if !supportLists]-->31.  <!--[endif]-->needy        

中文意思:贫困的,艰苦的。

英文意思:not having enough money, food, clothes, etc.

注意区分need, 需要

例句:Two distinguished (and financially needy) writers would receive enough money so they could devote themselves entirely to "prose literature".    

 

<!--[if !supportLists]-->32.  <!--[endif]-->occurrence       

中文意思:发生;事件(event       

中国学生记住发生,容易忽略事件

例句:The preservation of embryos and juveniles is rare occurrence in the fossil record.

  

<!--[if !supportLists]-->33.  <!--[endif]-->orientation       

中文意思:方向;定位;定向;熟悉

英文意思:activity of orientating oneself; state of being orientated  

中国学生容易忽略定位熟悉

例句: product orientation产品定位,the orientation of new employees 雇员对环境的熟悉

  

<!--[if !supportLists]-->34.  <!--[endif]-->occupation        

中文意思:占据,占有;职位

英文意思:a job or profession      

中国学生记住占据,占有,容易忽略职位

例句:Their distrust was caused, in part, by a national ideology that proclaimed farming the greatest occupation and rural living superior to urban living.

           

<!--[if !supportLists]-->35.  <!--[endif]-->pattern     

中文意思:花格;格式;模式

英文意思(模式):the regular way in which sth happens or is done 

中国学生记住花格,容易忽略模式

例句:Since each band and local group had a different pattern of settlement and seasonal movement, the mixture of transportation methods differed from group to group and from season to season.

        

  

<!--[if !supportLists]-->36.  <!--[endif]-->penetrating      

中文意思:快速理解;(说话)一针见血(感觉不爽)。

英文意思:showing that you have understood sth. quickly and completely        

中国学生记住刺穿的;容易忽略快速理解

例句:a penetrating mind/thinker/criticism

  

<!--[if !supportLists]-->37.  <!--[endif]-->peripheral

中文意思:周围的;不重要的

英文意思(不重要的):not as important as the main aim, part, etc. of sth.    

中国学生记住周围的;容易忽略不重要的

例句:Fund-raising is peripheral to their main activities.     

 

<!--[if !supportLists]-->38.  <!--[endif]-->perspective      

中文意思:透视法;视角;观点        

中国学生记住透视法;容易忽略视角,观点

例句:Each advance in microscopic technique has provided scientists with new perspectives on the function of living organisms and the nature of matter itself.

          

<!--[if !supportLists]-->39.  <!--[endif]-->population        

中文意思:人口数量;群体数量。    

英文意思:total number of a group of people or animals

中国学生记住人口;容易忽略数量

例句:One microbiologist estimates the resident bacteria population of a clean square centimeter of skin on the human shoulder at "multiples of a million."    

  

<!--[if !supportLists]-->40.  <!--[endif]-->precipitation    

中文意思:仓促;降雨量

英文意思:rain, snow, etc. that falls; the amount of this that falls     

中国学生记住仓促;容易忽略降雨量      

      例句: In general, the realm’s soils also reflect the broad environmental partitioning into “humid America” and “arid America, where annual precipitation exceeds 20 inches (50 centimeters), soils in humid areas tend to be acidic(酸性) in chemical content.