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SAT写作:写作方法简述
范美优品国际学习中心   2012-05-18 11:02:58 作者:admin 来源: 文字大小:[][][]

SAT写作:写作方法简述

    SAT写作考试时间很紧,对考生写作速度要求较高,因此,有些考生急急忙忙完成一篇作文之后发现并没有表达出自己的真实想法。所以,大家在平时的练习中,要注意细节,找到正确的写作方法。

 

1、清楚表达,尽量使用简单词汇


    写作的时候,尽量的使用简单的词汇并写作易懂的语句。这样做,可以使读者更清楚的明白你的立场和你文章的目的。要记住,SAT 写作不是考察你的生词量,而是在考察你是否能将你的想法通过文字的方式传递给读者。 如果想做到这点,那么作者在写作的时候,应该避免使用那些无关紧要的词汇,模糊不清的词汇,和条例不清的语句。让我们来看下面的例子:


例 1 To facilitate input by the maximum number of potential purchasers, questionnaires were designed and posted well in advance of the launch of the promotional marketing campaign. 

Improved: Before we began advertising, we designed and mailed a marketing survey to find out what customers were looking for. 


通过比较,我们可以清楚的明白,上面的句子,使用了一些不必要的词汇,而导致句子看上去繁琐难懂。


2、体现专业性,避免口语化 


    SAT 的写作考试,要求的是一篇有专业性的写作,而不是一篇日记或随笔。所以使用俚语不应该在 SAT 的考试中出现。例如,在高考的时候,考生把“我要去…”写成“俺要去…” 加有地方方言的语言方式。下面让我们通过英文的例子来说明:


 例 1 Brian’s mother reprimanded him for blowing his physic test. 

Improved: Brian’s mother reprimanded him for failing his physic test. 


    同样地,考生在写作的时候,也应该尽量避免太多学术性强的语言。批卷的老师很有可能并不想你一样是个电脑高手。他或她可能只明白一些初级的电脑词汇,对于那些技术性强的词汇,可以一窍不通。 下面让我们通过英文的例子来说明:


例 2 Close-support, transport, and reconnaissance assistance is provided by the S-3X helicopter, which is the most cost effective in a crane configuration. 

Improved: The S-3X helicopter provides support, transportation, and reconnaissance. However, the helicopter is most cost effective when it works as a crane. 


3、选用合适连接词,合并短句 


    合并短句可以让你的文章更连贯,读者阅读的时候思路也会更清晰。让我们通过下面的举例来学习如何合并短句:


例 1 The glee club held a fund-raiser, the basketball team also held a fundraiser.

Improved sentences: The glee club and the basketball team held fundraisers (compound subject) 

例 2Kareem opened the door, He invited all of us in. 

Improved sentences: Kareem opened the door and invited all of us in. (compound verb)

例 3 The most valuable player on the basketball team will give the graduation speech. She is the star of this year’s musical.

Improved sentences: The most valuable player on the basketball team, who is also the star of this year’s musical, will give the graduation speech (appositive)

例 4 The wide receiver ran down the field. He caught the winning touchdown pass. 

Improved sentences: Running down the field, the wide receiver caught the winning pass (modifying phrase)


4、使用描写具体意象的词汇


    在文章的写作中,少运用一些 general words,反而多增加 specific images. 什么是 general words 和 specific images 那,例如说; car 就是 general words,因为车的种类有很多。 而 Benz SUV 就是 specific images。 在考试的时候,多使用 specific words 可以帮助把物体解释的更清楚。读者也会获得更多的信息,使他们对你的文章更方便了解。下面,让我们通过几个例子来证明:


例 1 General: Tom got into his car and drove off. 

Specific: Tom leaped into his SUV and roared off.

例 2 General: The writer wrote a three-page critique of the painting in which he said he did not like it. 

Specific: In his three-page critique, the art critic squeezed every drop of meaning- and enjoyment- out of the 3-inch by 3-inch pastel. 


General words 对人物,地点,和事物的介绍都无法给读者准备的信息,所以为了更清楚的说明,把这些名词都应该换成specific words. 


例 3  General: An old dog came up the street. 

Specific: An ancient, gray-muzzled golden retriever wandered up Bluebird Canyon Road. 

例 4 General: My coach illustrates the point about playing fairly. 

Specific: My basketball coach, Ms Berry, illustrates the essay- ist’s point about playing fairly.

例 5 General: At the end of the day, the workmen walked up the snow-covered road. 

Specific: At the end of the day, the tired workmen trudged wearily up the snow-covered road. 


Specific images 也可以使用在你的感想和对某个事物的理解上 


例 6 General: I thought the essay was well-written and interesting.

 Specific: I thought the writer effectively organized her essay to move from the specific to the general. 


5、避免使用陈词滥调 


    大家在写作的时候,有的同学习惯使用一些例如 ugly as sin, pretty as a picture 之类的词汇。在这里,建议大家不要使用这类词汇。因为在使用这些词汇的时候,会给读者一种陈词滥调,平淡无味的感觉,更有可能使读者误会你本身的意思。尤其是在 SAT 写作考试当中使用。 下面,让我们通过几个例子来证明:


例 1 I was shaking in my boots before the interview, but I was happy as a lark when the personnel manager offered me the job. 

Improved: I was terrified before the interview, but I was ecstatic when the personnel manager offered me the job.

例 2 Whether the author really believed what he wrote was the sixty-four dollar question. 

Improved: whether the author really believed what he wrote was difficult to determine from the answers he gave the interviewer.